Herbs

David Kennedy, Edward Okello, Paul Chazot, Melanie-Jayne Howes, Samuel Ohiomokhare, Philippa Jackson, Crystal Haskell-Ramsay, Julie Khan, Joanne Forster, Emma Wightman (2018). Volatile terpenes and brain function: Investigation of the cognitive and mood effects of Mentha × piperita L. essential oil with in vitro properties relevant to central nervous system function. Nutrients 10 (8) 1029.

Kennedy DO & Wightman EL (2011) Herbal extracts and phytochemicals: plant secondary metabolites and the enhancement of human brain function. Advances in Nutrition 2:32-50

Kennedy D, Dodd F, Robertson B, Okello E, Reay J, Scholey A, Haskell C (2011) Monoterpenoid extract of sage (Salvia lavandulaefolia) with cholinesterase inhibiting properties improves cognitive performance and mood in healthy adults. Journal of Psychopharmacology 25:1088-1100

Reay JL, Scholey AB, Kennedy DO (2010) Panax ginseng (G115) improves aspects of working memory performance and subjective ratings of calmness in healthy young adults. Human Psychopharmacology-Clinical and Experimental;25:462-471

Kennedy DO (2009) Herbs affecting the Central Nervous System. In (Eds) Mukherjee PK, Houghton PJ. Evaluation of Herbal Medicinal Products - Perspectives of Quality, Safety and Efficacy, Pharmaceutical Press, Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, London, UK

Reay JL, Scholey AB, Milne A, Fenwick J, Kennedy DO (2008) Panax ginseng has no effect on indices of glucose regulation following acute or chronic ingestion in healthy volunteers. British Journal of Nutrition 101:1673-1678

Scholey AB, Tildesley NTJ, Ballard CG, Wesnes KA, Tasker A, Perry EK, Kennedy DO (2008) An extract of Salvia (sage) with anticholinesterase properties improves memory and attention in healthy older volunteers. Psychopharmacology 198:127-139

Kennedy DO, Jackson PA, Haskell CF, Scholey AB (2007) Modulation of cognitive performance following single doses of 120mg Ginkgo biloba extract administered to healthy young volunteers. Human Psychopharmacology 22:559-66

Kennedy DO, Reay JL, Scholey AB (2007) Effects of 8 weeks administration of Korean Panax ginseng extract on the mood and cognitive performance of healthy individuals. Journal of Ginseng Research 31(1):34-43

Kennedy DO, Haskell CF, Mauri PL, Scholey AB (2007) Acute cognitive effects of standardised Ginkgo biloba extract complexed with phosphatidylserine. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental. 22(4):199-210

Kennedy DO, Little W, Haskell CF, Scholey AB (2006) Anxiolytic effects of a combination of Melissa officinalis and Valeriana officinalis during laboratory induced stress. Phytotherapy Research 20:96-102

Kennedy DO, Pace S, Haskell C, Okello EJ, Milne A, Scholey AB (2006) Effects of cholinesterase inhibiting sage (Salvia officinalis) on mood, anxiety and performance on a psychological stressor battery. Neuropsychopharmacology 31(4):845-52

Reay JL, Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2006) Effects of Panax ginseng, consumed with and without glucose, on blood glucose levels and cognitive performance during sustained 'mentally demanding' tasks. Journal of Psychopharmacology 20(6):771-781

Reay JL, Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2006) The glycaemic effect of single doses of Panax ginseng (G115) in young healthy volunteers. British Journal of Nutrition 96:639-642

Kennedy DO, Reay JL, Scholey AB (2006) Effects of 8 weeks administration of Korean Panax ginseng extract on mood and cognitive performance in healthy individuals. In: Oh S, Choi T (Eds) Advances in Ginseng Research 2006. Korean Society of Ginseng. Seoul. Korea

Kennedy DO and Scholey AB (2006) The psychopharmacology of European herbs with cognition enhancing properties. Current Pharmaceutical Design. 12(35):4613-4623

Scholey A, Kennedy D, Wesnes K (2005) The psychopharmacology of herbal extracts: issues and challenges. Psychopharmacology 179(3):705-707

Tildesley NTJ, Kennedy DO, Perry EK, C.G. Ballard CG, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2005) Positive modulation of mood and cognitive performance following administration of acute doses of Salvia lavandulaefolia essential oil to healthy young volunteers. Physiology and Behavior 83:699-709

Reay JL, Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2005) Single doses of Panax ginseng (G115) reduce blood glucose levels and improve cognitive performance during sustained mental activity. Journal of Psychopharmacology 19(4):357-365

Kennedy DO, Little W, Scholey AB (2004) Attenuation of laboratory induced stress in humans following acute administration of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm). Psychosomatic Medicine 66:607-613

Tildesley NTJ, Kennedy DO, Perry EK, Ballard C, Savelev S, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2003) Salvia lavandulaefolia (Spanish Sage) enhances memory in healthy young volunteers. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 75:669-674

Kennedy DO, Scholey AB, Drewery L, Marsh VR, Moore B, Ashton H (2003) Electroencephalograph (EEG) effects of single doses of Ginkgo biloba and Panax ginseng in healthy young volunteers. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 75(3):701-709

Kennedy DO, Wake G, Savealev S, Tildesley NTJ, Perry EK, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2003) Modulation of mood and cognitive performance following administration of single doses of Melissa officinalis (Lemon balm) with human CNS nicotinic and muscarinic receptor binding properties. Neuropsychopharmacology 28:1871-1881

Kennedy DO and Scholey AB (2003) Ginseng: potential in the enhancement of cognitive performance and mood. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 75:687-700

Kennedy DO, Scholey AB and Wesnes KA (2002) Modulation of cognition and mood following administration of single doses of Ginkgo biloba, Ginseng and a Ginkgo/Ginseng combination to healthy young adults. Physiology and Behavior 75:739-751

Kennedy DO, Scholey AB, Tildesley NTJ, Perry EK, and Wesnes KA (2002) Modulation of mood and cognitive performance following acute administration of single doses of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm). Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 72:953-964

Scholey AB and Kennedy DO (2002) Acute, dose-dependent cognitive effects of Ginkgo biloba, Panax Ginseng and their combination in healthy young volunteers: differential interactions with cognitive demand. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 17:35-44

Kennedy DO (2002) The effects of Ginseng on memory and mood. In Nam-In Baek (Ed) Advances in Ginseng Research 2002. The Korean Society of Ginseng. Seoul. Korea

Kennedy DO, Scholey AB and Wesnes K (2001) Differential, dose dependent changes in cognitive performance following acute administration of a Ginkgo biloba/Panax ginseng combination to healthy young volunteers. Nutritional Neuroscience, 4:399-412

Kennedy DO, Scholey AB and Wesnes K (2001) Dose dependent changes in cognitive performance and mood following acute administration of Ginseng to healthy young volunteers. Nutritional Neuroscience 4:295-310

Kennedy DO, Scholey AB, Wesnes K (2000) The dose dependent cognitive effects of acute administration of Ginkgo biloba to healthy young volunteers. Psychopharmacology 151:416-423

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